Dengue fever is a painful disease affecting millions of people every year. It is a mosquito-borne disease. Usually, it takes about three to ten days to recover from dengue fever, but at times it may last longer. In this article read about Dengue fever treatment and preventive steps against it.
Dengue fever is accompanied by severe joint and muscle pain hence known as ‘break bone fever’. Its symptoms range from mild to severe. It is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults, but seldom causes death. Maintenance of the patient’s body fluid volume is critical to severe dengue care.
Signs And Symptoms To Look Out For
Drop in platelet count is a characteristic symptom of dengue fever. The most common symptoms include fever, headache, muscle & joint pain and skin rash. Sometimes, these symptoms may be confused with flu. If you experience the following over a few days, consult a doctor
- Sudden High Fever
- Severe Headaches
- Pain Behind The Eyes
- Severe Joint And Muscle Pain
- Fatigue And Exhaustion
- Nausea And Vomiting
- Skin Rash
- Low Blood Pressure
The signs and symptoms of dengue fever are similar to some other diseases, such as typhoid and malaria. This can sometimes delay an accurate diagnosis. The doctor will assess the symptoms by verifying the person’s medical, travel history and a blood test to confirm the diagnosis.
Dengue is a virus, so there is no specific treatment or cure. However, early intervention can help, depending on how severe the disease is. For milder forms, treatment includes:
Preventing dehydration: A high fever and vomiting can dehydrate the body. The person should drink clean water, ideally bottled rather than tap water. Re hydration salts can also help replace fluids and minerals.
Medication: Hospitalization will allow the patient to be properly monitored, in case symptoms worsen. Dengue fever can be associated with gradual reduction of blood platelets count.
Normal blood count of a healthy person is 150000 to 450000 where as dengue virus affected persons blood count will drop down to 20000 to 40000. Blood transfusion is recommended by doctors if the blood count comes under 20000
Dengue Fever Treatment Naturally
Dengue fever treatment with naturally available ingredients are described below. These treatments increases the blood platelets count and there by reduce the severity of this disease.
Giloy is a very important herb in Ayurveda. In Malayalam it is called as chittamrith that helps in maintaining the metabolic rate, strengthening the immune system and protects your body against infections.
Boil the stems and serve it as a herbal drink. You can also add few Tulsi leaves in the drink if required.
2. Papaya Leaves
It helps in increasing the platelet count and reduces the symptoms of fever like body ache, chills, feeling low, getting tired easily and nausea. You can crush the leaves and consume or drink the juice which helps in flushing out the toxins. Tender leaves works well compared to normal leaves. It comes under most effective dengue fever treatment.
- Step 1: Take a fresh papaya leaf and cut it into slices. Ensure that you remove the veins.
- Step 2: Mix the leaves with 10 ml of cold water.
- Step 3: Ground the mixture and filter it.
- Step 4: Strain it and drink the juice four times a day. One table spoon per serve is enough.
How Does This Work?
The organic compounds and nutrients in papayas can enhance the blood cells in the body. Huge resources of Vitamin C can assist in stimulating the immune system, and the antioxidants perform their part in eliminating other toxins from the blood.
Although the exact pathway is unclear, papaya leaves are widely known as being a natural cure for dengue fever symptoms. The complex mix of nutrients and organic compounds in papayas can cause a rise in your platelet count.
Papaya leaf extract capsules are also available in market now.
Avoid Papaya leaves if:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- You are allergic to a compound called papain.
- You are allergic to latex.
- You have undergone surgery or about to have one soon.
3. Fenugreek Leaves
Fenugreek leaves are known to reduce fever and act as a sedative to ease pain and promote more restful sleep for patients. These leaves are rich source of iron. It also increases the production of blood platelets as well.
You can soak the leaves in water and then drink it or you can get methi powder and mix it with water and have it.
Turmeric boosts metabolism and helps in making the healing process faster. You can consume turmeric along with milk.Turmeric serves as a natural anti-inflammatory agent with no side effects. Curcumin is turmeric’s principle component that exhibits this activity.
5. Tulsi Leaves and Black Pepper
Tulsi leaves contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, which helps in lowering body temperature and in treating cough and cold, building your immunity and acts as an antibacterial element. Black pepper makes you sweat and also promotes rapid blood circulation.
Boil tulsi leaves and few pepper corns in water,make it half. Consume it two to three times in a day.
6. Drink Plenty of Water
Drink as much as water as you can during fever or cold to replace the fluid loss. In dengue, due to extreme fever and body pain, the circulation of blood can be affected along with dehydration. It is mandatory to consume water (warm water will be preferable) in more amounts so that the body stays hydrated.
This will ease the dengue fever symptoms like muscle cramps and headaches. Also, water can flush and eliminate the toxins that can act as a contributor to the detrimental effects of the pathogen.
7. Neem Leaves
Neem leaves are considered useful for many ailments and dengue is just one of them. To try a remedy using neem leaves, follow the steps given below:
- Step 1: Take a small bowl of fresh tender neem leaves and a bowl of cold water.
- Step 2: Ground the leaves and filter them.
- Step 3: Consume around 10 ml of this mixture three to four times a day.
Fever will gradually subside and control the dengue fever symptoms. The intake of the mixture has to be followed even after the symptoms recede, for the next two days. Most known natural home remedies for dengue fever illness.
How Does This Work?
The neem leaves help in increasing the blood platelet count as well as the white blood cells. It also improves the immune system, and you can return to the normal stages. It also helps in controlling inflammation.
Neem leaves are also known as analgesics, as they provide relief in times of pain. It acts as anti fungal too.The components of neem leaves stimulate the immune system of the body detoxification occurs, and a healthy digestive and respiratory system come to the core.
Neem Leaves Are Not Good, If:
- You are pregnant or seeking pregnancy. Consumption is restricted to both males and females.
- Refrain from giving the dose to children. Severe side effects can occur such as diarrhea, seizures, brain disorders, etc.
- You are diabetic. The components of neem leaves interact with anti diabetes drugs.
8. Orange Juice
The rich mixture of antioxidants and vitamins found in orange make it ideal for treating the secondary symptoms of dengue fever and eliminating the virus. Orange juice helps to promote antibodies of the immune system, increase urination and the release of toxins, and stimulates cellular repair due to vitamin C’s crucial role in the creation of collagen.
9. Pomegranate Juice
Drink fresh pomegranate juice to increase the blood cells. Pomegranate juice is effective to improve blood platelet count. It is an antioxidant and rich source of vitamin C and iron. Drinking pomegranate juice is also beneficial to reduce cholesterol and high blood pressure.
Zinc is needed in small amounts every day in order to maintain health and perform important functions each day. Zinc benefits the body in many ways: helps with hormone production, growth and repairment,improves immunity and facilitates digestion.This is the main nutrient required to boost your body’s protections.
Do’s and Dont’s If you have Dengue Fever
The following are the things you should do and things you should avoid if you have dengue fever
- Take proper rest.
- Keep the surroundings clean. Prevent accumulation of the water in coolers and flower-pots.
- Put nets on the windows.
- Use mosquito repellents.
- Do not take antibiotics.
- Don’t take steroids.
- Do not eat solid food.
- Bleeding from gums and nose
- Liver enlargement
- Failure in the circulatory system, and
- Damage to blood and lymph vessels
- Dengue fever could also develop into dengue shock syndrome (DSS), where the patient will suffer from extremely low blood pressure, shock, and death.
Careful clinical detection and management of dengue patients can significantly reduce mortality rates from severe dengue. It it possible to have dengue fever more than once. A second infection carries a higher risk of developing a harsher form.
There are many ways by which we can avoid mosquito,few of them are listed below:
- Clothing: Reduce the amount of skin exposed by wearing long pants, long sleeved shirts, and socks, tucking pant legs into shoes or socks, and wearing a hat.
- Mosquito repellents: Use a repellent with at least 10 percent concentration of diethyltoluamide (DEET), or a higher concentration for longer lengths of exposure. Avoid using DEET on young children.
- Mosquito traps and nets: Nets treated with insecticide are more effective, otherwise the mosquito can bite through the net if the person is standing next to it. The insecticide will kill mosquitoes and other insects, and it will repel insects from entering the room.
- Door and window screens: Structural barriers, such as screens or netting, can keep mosquitos out.
- Avoid scents: Heavily scented soaps and perfumes may attract mosquitos.
- Timing: Try to avoid being outside at early evening.
- Stagnant water: The Aedes mosquito breeds in clean, stagnant water. Checking for and removing stagnant water can help reduce the risk.
To reduce the risk of mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water:
- Turn buckets and watering cans over and store them under shelter so that water cannot accumulate
- Remove excess water from plant pot plates
- Scrub containers to remove mosquito eggs
- Loosen soil from potted plants, to prevent puddles forming on the surface
- Make sure that drains are not blocked, and do not place potted plants and other objects over them
- Do not place receptacles under an air-conditioning unit
- Change the water in flower vases every second day and scrub and rinse the inside of the vase
- Prevent leaves from blocking anything that may result in the accumulation of puddles or stagnant water
Preventive Measures to be taken while Travelling
- When you go for trips choose an area that is away from still water. Dengue doesn’t spread from person to person. You can prevent the risk of the disease by keeping your surroundings clean and wearing protective clothing. The dengue mosquito typically attacks during the day and some experts say the favorite spots are below the elbow and below the knee.
- You could turn to natural repellents like Lemon Eucalyptus Oil, Lavender, Neem Oil and Cinnamon Oil to protect yourself against mosquito bites. There are a number of plants that have mosquito repellent properties like fever few, citronella, catnip and lavender. Place them around your house to keep mosquitoes away. Even herbs like garlic, lemongrass, basil, peppermint, rosemary may help.
You can buy pure organic mosquito repellents at:
Dengue fever,the virus is transmitted from an infected mosquito to a human. A mosquito bites a person who is infected with the dengue virus, and the virus is passed on when the mosquito bites someone else.
No vaccine can protect against dengue fever. Only avoiding mosquito bites can prevent it. If you happen to get diagnosed with this fever, stay calm. If you take proper care with all the above mentioned dengue fever treatments, you can get rid of this with ease.
If you know any other alternative Dengue fever treatment do share with us